The history of Trancoso begins when the squadron of Pedro Álvares Cabral contributed on April 22, 1500, exactly at the mouth of the River of the Frades, taking possession of the new land for the king of Portugal. The native population of Trancoso is a descendant of the population that first inhabited and founded the Jesuit village, formerly called São João Batista dos Índios, which was founded in 1586. Most of the time, from then on, Trancoso was only one point unknown, living only on fishing and few plantations around the village, until finally it was discovered by hippies in the 1970.
At that time, Trancoso was still just a cluster of houses around a large lawn, called "Quadrado" by the local population, with a church in the background framing a beautiful landscape with a panoramic view of the sea. The Quadrado, today called Praça São João, is currently the Historic Center of Trancoso, where houses from the time of colonization can be visited, with administrative buildings already deactivated, but mostly still well preserved.
The Quadrado is still the main square of the village, with the same colorful houses framing the lawn, with the white church in the background as the heart of the village, being the center of attention: it is there that everything good happens. It is where you can read in architecture the whole history of Trancoso as if it were written in the time that has not passed.
Most simple houses have become shops, where you can find bars, restaurants, craft shops and stylish inns, as well as some famous designer boutiques, also attracted by local tourism.